Why Do We Celebrate Black History Month

February is a significant month as it marks the celebration of Black History Month. This annual tradition, which began during the Jim Crow era and was officially recognized in 1976, aims to honor the contributions and sacrifice of African Americans throughout history. Let’s delve into why we celebrate Black History Month and its importance.

It was Negro History Week before it was Black History Month

In 1926, Carter G. Woodson, often referred to as the “father of Black history,” established Negro History Week. Woodson, an esteemed scholar and the second Black American to earn a doctorate from Harvard University, believed fervently in promoting pride in Black heritage and recognizing the often overlooked achievements of Black Americans.

Woodson specifically chose the second week of February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln on February 12 and Frederick Douglass on February 14. These two figures played integral roles in the struggle for Black liberation and freedom. Woodson’s efforts laid the groundwork for what would later become Black History Month.

Carter G. Woodson
Image Source: Top Q&A

The Evolution of Black History Month

Due to the concerted efforts to repress the teaching of Black history, particularly in the aftermath of World War I and during the racial violence that ensued, the need for increased awareness and education became evident. In response, universities and public schools across the country began introducing Black history courses.

The Black press, including publications like “The Chicago Defender,” “The Philadelphia Tribune,” and “The Baltimore Afro-American,” played a crucial role in promoting the celebration of Black History Month. Their advocacy helped establish widespread recognition and support for this important observance.

Finally, in 1976, President Gerald R. Ford declared February as Black History Month, urging the public to honor the often-neglected accomplishments of Black Americans in all areas of endeavor. Since then, Black History Month has become an official celebration, not just in the United States but also in Canada (every February) and the United Kingdom (in October).

Black History Month
Image Source: Top Q&A

The Annual Themes and Celebration

Each year, the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH) chooses a different theme for Black History Month. The theme provides a framework to explore and celebrate different aspects of African American history and culture. For example, this year’s theme is “African Americans and the Arts,” highlighting the significant contributions of African American artists throughout history.

The chosen themes help to preserve history, promote community memory, and empower African Americans through artistic expression. By acknowledging the richness of the past and present, Black History Month allows us to look forward to the future with hope and anticipation.


Q: Why do we celebrate Black History Month?

A: Black History Month is celebrated to honor the contributions and sacrifices of African Americans throughout history. It serves as a reminder of their resilience, achievements, and the ongoing struggle for equality.

Q: How did Black History Month originate?

A: Black History Month began as Negro History Week in 1926, established by Carter G. Woodson. It was later expanded to a month-long celebration in 1976.

Q: Why is it important to celebrate Black History Month?

A: Black History Month provides an opportunity to educate, recognize, and celebrate the significant contributions of African Americans to the cultural, social, political, and economic fabric of society. It promotes inclusivity, diversity, and a deeper understanding of American history.


Black History Month is not just a celebration; it is a time to reflect on the past, honor the present, and envision a better future. By recognizing the achievements of African Americans, we can build a more inclusive society and work towards equality for all. Visit Top Q&A to explore more insightful content and join us in commemorating Black History Month.

Article by Top Q&A

Delve into a wealth of knowledge and insights with Top Q&A. Discover answers to your questions and join our vibrant community of learners today!

Related Post