Top 19 where do sea turtles live

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Swimming gracefully through the water, sea turtles evoke a sense of serenity and freedom. With large, hard shells (called carapaces) on their backs to fend off predators, they spend most of their time underwater using their strong paddle-shaped flippers to swim around.

A Flatback Turtle on beaches adjacent to Reedy Creek. Photo Steve Heggie.
A Flatback Turtle on beaches adjacent to Reedy Creek. Photo Steve Heggie.

Sea turtles that occur in Australian waters are:

  • Flatback Turtle (Natator depressus)
  • Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas)
  • Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)
  • Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
  • Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta)
  • Olive Ridley Turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea)

Four of these are supported through work on our reserves and partnership properties – the Green Turtle, the Flat-backed Turtle, the Olive Ridley Turtle and the Loggerhead Turtle.

Where do marine turtles live?

Some sea turtle species, such as the Green Turtle and Loggerhead Turtle, can be found across the globe, travelling great distances between their nesting and feeding sites.

A Loggerhead Turtle. Photo Debora Sujono (FlickR).
A Loggerhead Turtle. Photo Debora Sujono (FlickR).

The Loggerhead Turtle inhabits the coastal waters of more than 140 countries, in and around shallow lagoons, coral reefs, salt marshes and seagrass beds near the shore.

Olive Ridley turtles occur along the coast from southern Queensland and the Great Barrier Reef, northwards to Torres Strait, and across to the Joseph Bonaparte Gulf in WA. Other sea turtles are more choosey. The Flat-back Turtle is found only in the waters around the continental shelf of northern Australia.

Sea turtles live in a range of coastal habitats, with most species’ hatchlings preferring the open sea, where they’re exposed to fewer predators before their shells have a chance to harden.

Interestingly, juveniles have a carnivorous (meat-based) diet during this time in the open sea, while most species have a herbivorous (plant-based) or omnivorous (meat and plant-based) diet by the time they’re adults and inhabit shallower waters closer to shore.

Marine turtle behaviour

Some sea turtles, including Loggerheads, are known to spar over access to feeding grounds. This confrontation begins with circling behaviour and can escalate to direct confrontations and snapping at each other’s jaws.

A tiny Flatback Turtle hatchling makes for the sea on beaches adjacent our Reedy Creek Reserve. Photo Matt McLean.
A tiny Flatback Turtle hatchling makes for the sea on beaches adjacent our Reedy Creek Reserve. Photo Matt McLean.

Some sea turtles are also known to hibernate in the cooler months, submerging for up to seven hours and surfacing for only seven minutes afterwards to breathe. The amount of time turtles can hold their breath underwater depends on their activity levels.

Perhaps one of the most intriguing habits of marine turtles is the long journeys they make across oceans to mate and then deposit their eggs on specific beaches – sometimes the very same beaches where their lives began.

After mating, female sea turtles pull their heavy bodies onto the beach and carefully select a nesting site. They use their powerful hind flippers to dig a hole, where they deposit up to 200 eggs per ‘clutch’ before covering the nesting hole with sand and returning to the water.

The early life of hatchlings is a battle for survival. After emerging up to 70 days later, en masse and at night, they must immediately survive a gruelling trek across the sand towards the sea and relative safety.

Threats to sea turtles

Sea turtles face many threats and are in decline. According to the Internaional Union for the Conservation of Nature, the Green Turtle is endangered, while the Olive Ridleyand the Loggerhead Turtle are vulnerable.

Eggs and hatchlings are easy prey for feral predators, in particular foxes, which can dig up and consume almost all the nests in an area if left uncontrolled.

A goanna harvesting from a turtle nest. Photo Steve Heggie.
A goanna harvesting from a turtle nest. Photo Steve Heggie.

Climate change is also a threat for sea turtles as the temperature of the sand in which their eggs are laid determines the sex of the young. While the ideal temperature of about 30°C creates an even balance of male and female young, increased or decreased temperatures can create a gender imbalance. Fishing nets, pollution and habitat destruction are also threats.

Natural predators include birds and crabs (when hatchlings are making the treacherous journey across the sand to the water) and sharks.

What’s Bush Heritage doing?

Flatback Turtle hatchlings dig out of the nest together at night. Photo Mackay Region Natural Environment (FlickR).
Flatback Turtle hatchlings dig out of the nest together at night. Photo Mackay Region Natural Environment (FlickR).

November to February, when the tides are high, Loggerhead, Green and Flatback turtles come from the Coral Sea to nest on beaches adjacent to our Reedy Creek Reserve near Agnes Water on the Queensland central coast.

Controlling foxes in the area is crucial to ensuring as many hatchlings as possible survive.

Flatback Turtles are also culturally important to the Wunambal Gaambera people on the far north-west coast of the Kimberley. Since 2011 we’ve worked in partnership with the Wunambal Gaambera, to help plan and implement conservation works. The Karajarri people, whose land is known as the gateway to the Kimberley, also support nesting Flatbacks.

Donate today to help us continue this and other vital conservation work. Most of our operating costs are funded by generous individuals. Donations over $2 are tax-deductible and we can’t thank you enough for your support.

FlickR photos above are reproduced under a Creative Commons Licence.

Top 19 where do sea turtles live edit by Top Q&A

Sea turtle – Kids | Britannica Kids | Homework Help

  • Author: kids.britannica.com
  • Published Date: 11/09/2022
  • Review: 4.64 (214 vote)
  • Summary: Sea turtles live mostly in tropical and temperate oceans. For the first few years of their lives they live in the open ocean. Most sea turtles later live in …
  • Matching search results: Swimming gracefully through the water, sea turtles evoke a sense of serenity and freedom. With large, hard shells (called carapaces) on their backs to fend off predators, they spend most of their time underwater using their strong paddle-shaped …

Green Sea Turtle | National Wildlife Federation

  • Author: nwf.org
  • Published Date: 04/01/2022
  • Review: 4.46 (531 vote)
  • Summary: Green sea turtles are found around the world in warm subtropical and tropical ocean waters, and nesting occurs in over 80 countries. There are populations with …
  • Matching search results: Swimming gracefully through the water, sea turtles evoke a sense of serenity and freedom. With large, hard shells (called carapaces) on their backs to fend off predators, they spend most of their time underwater using their strong paddle-shaped …

Information About Sea Turtles: An Introduction

  • Author: conserveturtles.org
  • Published Date: 06/20/2022
  • Review: 4.39 (421 vote)
  • Summary: Their vision underwater is good, but they are nearsighted out of water. Their streamlined bodies and large flippers make them remarkably adapted to life at sea.
  • Matching search results: There are many things each of us can do to help sea turtles survive. First, we must remember that we share the oceans and the beaches with many other species. Second, become informed about the things that are killing sea turtles or destroying their …

Sea Turtles: Learn about these reptiles of the ocean – Ducksters

  • Author: ducksters.com
  • Published Date: 07/10/2022
  • Review: 4.19 (224 vote)
  • Summary: Turtles that live in the ocean are called sea turtles. Different types of sea turtles can be found throughout the world and in every ocean except for the …
  • Matching search results: There are many things each of us can do to help sea turtles survive. First, we must remember that we share the oceans and the beaches with many other species. Second, become informed about the things that are killing sea turtles or destroying their …

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Which sea turtles live in the Mediterranean?

  • Author: oceano.org
  • Published Date: 07/04/2022
  • Review: 3.89 (287 vote)
  • Summary: The loggerhead and green turtles are the only turtles to breed in the Mediterranean, mainly in the eastern part. For the loggerhead, the sites are located in …
  • Matching search results: There are many things each of us can do to help sea turtles survive. First, we must remember that we share the oceans and the beaches with many other species. Second, become informed about the things that are killing sea turtles or destroying their …

Do you Know the answer? Where Do Turtles Live?

  • Author: aquafind.com
  • Published Date: 08/14/2022
  • Review: 3.78 (461 vote)
  • Summary: You will find sea turtles living in most of the oceans of the world. The only place you won’t find them is Antarctica. Most sea turtles enjoy the warm, …
  • Matching search results: There are many things each of us can do to help sea turtles survive. First, we must remember that we share the oceans and the beaches with many other species. Second, become informed about the things that are killing sea turtles or destroying their …

Where Do Different Sea Turtles Live?

  • Author: theturtlehub.com
  • Published Date: 09/25/2022
  • Review: 3.55 (272 vote)
  • Summary: Sea turtles prefer warm temperatures. So, their habitat centers around the tropical and subtropical waters of the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic oceans.
  • Matching search results: Also, flatback sea turtles do not travel miles for migration. Instead, they prefer living in their foraging area. However, these turtles will only come to the shoes during the nesting period. The major nesting hubs of flatback sea turtles are Crab …

Sea turtles | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

  • Author: noaa.gov
  • Published Date: 08/12/2022
  • Review: 3.19 (535 vote)
  • Summary: Although sea turtles live most of their lives in the ocean, adult females have to return to beaches to lay their eggs. They often migrate long …
  • Matching search results: Also, flatback sea turtles do not travel miles for migration. Instead, they prefer living in their foraging area. However, these turtles will only come to the shoes during the nesting period. The major nesting hubs of flatback sea turtles are Crab …

Sea Turtles of the Pacific Ocean

  • Author: oliveridleyproject.org
  • Published Date: 11/06/2022
  • Review: 3.08 (508 vote)
  • Summary: The green turtles of Galapagos in the Pacific Ocean are a unique … How long can sea turtles live? … How big do sea turtles get?
  • Matching search results: Unhatched eggs and empty eggshells remaining inside nests on the beaches are a fertilizer for beach vegetation – they provide nutrition for plant growth with helps stabilize the shoreline as well as provide food for a variety of plant eating …

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The History and Life of a Sea Turtle | FWC

  • Author: myfwc.com
  • Published Date: 01/29/2022
  • Review: 2.87 (91 vote)
  • Summary: Sea turtles are among the oldest creatures on earth and have remained essentially unchanged for 110 million years. However, they face an uncertain future.
  • Matching search results: Unhatched eggs and empty eggshells remaining inside nests on the beaches are a fertilizer for beach vegetation – they provide nutrition for plant growth with helps stabilize the shoreline as well as provide food for a variety of plant eating …

Sea Turtles in Florida: Where They Live, When They Hatch, and More

  • Author: a-z-animals.com
  • Published Date: 01/22/2022
  • Review: 2.7 (193 vote)
  • Summary: In terms of the best general location for viewing, Palm Beach and Brevard counties are key nesting sites for all of Florida’s sea turtle species …
  • Matching search results: Unhatched eggs and empty eggshells remaining inside nests on the beaches are a fertilizer for beach vegetation – they provide nutrition for plant growth with helps stabilize the shoreline as well as provide food for a variety of plant eating …

Marine turtles: Earths ancient mariners

  • Author: wwf.org.uk
  • Published Date: 11/27/2022
  • Review: 2.73 (96 vote)
  • Summary: Marine turtles are found in most of the world’s oceans, apart from cold polar seas. They tend to spend their lives in relatively shallow continental shelf …
  • Matching search results: Unhatched eggs and empty eggshells remaining inside nests on the beaches are a fertilizer for beach vegetation – they provide nutrition for plant growth with helps stabilize the shoreline as well as provide food for a variety of plant eating …

Green Sea Turtle – Oceana Canada

  • Author: oceana.ca
  • Published Date: 12/28/2021
  • Review: 2.59 (152 vote)
  • Summary: DESCRIPTION; LIFE CYCLE; FISHING; CONSERVATION STATUS; FURTHER READING. Green sea turtles are the second largest sea turtles, weighing up to 700 pounds (315 …
  • Matching search results: Unhatched eggs and empty eggshells remaining inside nests on the beaches are a fertilizer for beach vegetation – they provide nutrition for plant growth with helps stabilize the shoreline as well as provide food for a variety of plant eating …

Sea turtles, facts and information – National Geographic

  • Author: nationalgeographic.com
  • Published Date: 10/14/2022
  • Review: 2.53 (109 vote)
  • Summary: Six of the seven species of sea turtles that swim the planet’s waters—leatherback, loggerhead, Kemp’s ridley, green, olive ridley, and hawksbill—are found …
  • Matching search results: Unhatched eggs and empty eggshells remaining inside nests on the beaches are a fertilizer for beach vegetation – they provide nutrition for plant growth with helps stabilize the shoreline as well as provide food for a variety of plant eating …

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All About Sea Turtles – Habitat and Distribution – SeaWorld.org

  • Author: seaworld.org
  • Published Date: 02/12/2022
  • Review: 2.34 (166 vote)
  • Summary: Adults of most species are found in shallow, coastal waters, bays, lagoons, and estuaries. Some also venture into the open sea. Juveniles of some species may be …
  • Matching search results: Population data are usually based on the numbers of adult females that come ashore to nest. Even then, the numbers are ambiguous because some females nest every two to three years; some may nest more than once on the same beach in a season; and some …

Sea Turtles | Smithsonian Ocean

  • Author: ocean.si.edu
  • Published Date: 04/08/2022
  • Review: 2.32 (98 vote)
  • Summary: Found in tropical and subtropical waters throughout the world, the vegetarian adult turtles tend to stay near the coasts where marine plants are …
  • Matching search results: Population data are usually based on the numbers of adult females that come ashore to nest. Even then, the numbers are ambiguous because some females nest every two to three years; some may nest more than once on the same beach in a season; and some …

9 Best Places to See Sea Turtles in the Wild

  • Author: nomadparadise.com
  • Published Date: 12/24/2021
  • Review: 2.27 (132 vote)
  • Summary: Great Barrier Reef, Australia · Turtle Islands, Philippines & Malaysia · Gili Islands, Indonesia · Tioman Island, Malaysia · Lhaviyani Atoll, …
  • Matching search results: Population data are usually based on the numbers of adult females that come ashore to nest. Even then, the numbers are ambiguous because some females nest every two to three years; some may nest more than once on the same beach in a season; and some …

How Long Do Sea Turtles Live? All About Their Best Kept Secret

  • Author: outforia.com
  • Published Date: 04/14/2022
  • Review: 2.14 (127 vote)
  • Summary: Sea turtles are a type of marine reptile that can be found just about everywhere in the …
  • Matching search results: For reference, there is a green sea turtle named Myrtle who is a resident of the Cape Cod Aquarium. Now, the operators of the aquarium are not sure exactly how old she is, but they estimate her age to be about 90 years old. She has been with the …

Sea Turtles: Fascinating Facts – NOAA’s National Ocean Service

  • Author: oceanservice.noaa.gov
  • Published Date: 01/16/2022
  • Review: 2.01 (142 vote)
  • Summary: All six sea turtle species found in U.S. waters are protected by the Endangered Species Act. They are the green, hawksbill, Kemp’s ridley, leatherback, …
  • Matching search results: For reference, there is a green sea turtle named Myrtle who is a resident of the Cape Cod Aquarium. Now, the operators of the aquarium are not sure exactly how old she is, but they estimate her age to be about 90 years old. She has been with the …

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