List of 10+ what is a nucleic acid

Here are the best information about what is a nucleic acid voted by readers and compiled and edited by our team, let’s find out

Video What is a nucleic acid

Introduction

  • Nucleic acids are large biomolecules or macromolecules found in all cells and viruses.
  • A chain of nucleic acids can be broken down to organic bases such as pyrimidines and purines, sugars, and phosphoric acids.

The two main types of nucleic acids are DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid).

What is a Nucleic Acid?

  • Organic molecules such as DNA or RNA, built of chains formed of many nucleotides are called nucleic acids.
  • These chains formed of nucleotides are called polynucleotide chains.
  • RNA, DNA and Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)are nucleic acids.

Structure of Nucleic Acids

Here is how our DNA is built:

Nitrogenous bases– There are two types of nitrogenous bases – Purines (Adenine and Guanine) and Pyrimidines (Cytosine, Uracil, and Thymine).

Nucleoside– A nitrogenous base is linked to the pentose sugar through an N-glycosidic linkage to form a nucleoside.

Ribose sugar– This pentose sugar is either ribose in the case of RNA and deoxyribose for DNA.

Nucleotide-

  • A nucleoside forms a nucleotide when attached to a phosphate molecule at its 5′ -OH through phosphoester linkage.
  • Therefore each nucleotide has three components – a nitrogenous base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group.

DNA and RNA as Nucleic Acids

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid) are the two main classes of nucleic acids.

DNA and RNA

1. DNA

  • DNA is the genetic material of most of the cells and carries instructions for the proper functioning of the cell.
  • There are four different types of bases: cytosine (C), adenine (A), guanine (G), and thymine (T) in DNA.
  • DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) consists of two polynucleotide chains.
  • The two polynucleotide chains together form the double-stranded helix structure of DNA, with the two strands connected by hydrogen bonds.

2. RNA

  • RNA is also a nucelic acid and plays a vital role in creating proteins by decoding the instructions present in DNA.
  • There are four different types of bases: cytosine (C), adenine (A), guanine (G), and uracil (U) in RNA.
  • The nucleic acid RNA (ribonucleic acid) consists of just one polynucleotide chain.

Functions of Nucleic Acids

  • In every living cell, DNA molecules store and copy the hereditary information and transfer it from generation to generation.
  • Thus it is responsible for passing inherited traits from parent cell to daughter cell and parents to the offspring (reproduction).
  • They are similar to binary codes of computers such that the computer stores information in the form of 1s and 0s, and DNA stores it in the form of genes, and its sequence of bases makes up a code.
  • For the appropriate functioning of a living organism, it requires the source code in the form of DNA.
  • RNA converts the information stored in DNA into proteins necessary for the various cellular activities.
  • If it is not properly passed on as in certain genetic conditions or mutations, the cells cannot function properly.

Conclusion

  • Nucleic acids are polynucleotides made up of monomers of nucleotides.
  • DNA, RNA and ATP are nucelic acids.
  • DNA is the genetic material of the cell and RNA decodes the DNA to assemble the correct amino acids into a protein.

FAQs:

1. What are the three nucleic acids?

DNA, RNA, and ATP are nucleic acids.

2. What are nucleic acids and their functions?

A vital class of macromolecules found in all viruses and cells are called nucleic acids. These include DNA and RNA. The major function of nucleic acids is storing and expressing genetic information.

3. What are the 3 types of nucleic acids?

The three types of nucleic acids include:

  • Deoxyribonucleic acid
  • Ribonucleic acid
  • Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

4. What are 5 examples of nucleic acids?

The examples of a nucleic acids include:

  • Ribosomal RNA
  • Transfer RNA
  • Messenger RNA
  • Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid

5. What are the common examples of nucleic acids?

The two most common examples of nucleic acids are DNA and RNA.

6. Why are nucleic acids called acids, and what is their importance?

  • Nucleic acids are acidic. This acidity comes from the phosphate groups present in DNA and RNA molecules which are related to phosphoric acid. Therefore, they are called nucleic acids.
  • A nucleic acid is a chain of molecules composed of a series of similar building blocks called nucleotides.
  • Nucleic acids are the most important macromolecule for storing and carrying genetic information and instructions in living beings.

7. What is nucleic acid in chemistry?

A nucleic acid in chemistry is a chemical compound that occurs naturally and is known as the information molecule in a cell.

8. Why do humans need nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA encode and store genetic information. They are also responsible for passing on genetic information from generation to generation.

9. What would happen without nucleic acids?

In the absence of nucleic acids, the cell would not receive the information necessary to carry out its basic functions and eventually die.

We hope you enjoyed studying this lesson and learned something cool about Nucleic Acids! Join our Discord community to get any questions you may have answered and to engage with other students just like you! We promise it makes studying much more fun 😎

Sources:

  1. Nucleic Acid. https://biologydictionary.net/nucleic-acid/. Accessed Nov 124, 2021.
  2. Nucleic Acid. https://www.britannica.com/science/nucleic-acid. Accessed Nov 24, 2021.
  3. Nucleic Acids. https://flexbooks.ck12.org/cbook/ck-12-biology-flexbook-2.0/section/1.13/primary/lesson/nucleic-acids-bio/. Accessed Nov 24, 2021.

Top 13 what is a nucleic acid edit by Top Q&A

Nucleic Acid (DNA/RNA) Detection, Quantitation, and Analysis

  • Author: moleculardevices.com
  • Published Date: 08/07/2022
  • Review: 4.99 (761 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acids are large biomolecules common to all known life forms. They are generally found in two naturally occurring forms: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) …

Nucleic acid | Definition, Function, Structure, & Types – Britannica

  • Author: britannica.com
  • Published Date: 02/04/2022
  • Review: 4.72 (598 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acid summary · Nucleic acid metabolism · Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

Nucleic acids (article) – Khan Academy

  • Author: khanacademy.org
  • Published Date: 03/29/2022
  • Review: 4.39 (572 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acids, macromolecules made out of units called nucleotides, come in two naturally occurring varieties: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid …
  • Matching search results: We hope you enjoyed studying this lesson and learned something cool about Nucleic Acids! Join our Discord community to get any questions you may have answered and to engage with other students just like you! We promise it makes studying much more …

Top 10+ what lottery is tonight

Nucleic Acids – MSU chemistry

  • Author: www2.chemistry.msu.edu
  • Published Date: 09/14/2022
  • Review: 4.13 (264 vote)
  • Summary: The high molecular weight nucleic acid, DNA, is found chiefly in the nuclei of complex cells, known as eucaryotic cells, or in the nucleoid regions of …
  • Matching search results: We hope you enjoyed studying this lesson and learned something cool about Nucleic Acids! Join our Discord community to get any questions you may have answered and to engage with other students just like you! We promise it makes studying much more …

Learn About Nucleic Acids and Their Function

  • Author: thoughtco.com
  • Published Date: 12/10/2021
  • Review: 3.87 (572 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acids are macromolecules that store genetic information and enable protein production. · Nucleic acids include DNA and RNA. · Nucleotides …
  • Matching search results: We hope you enjoyed studying this lesson and learned something cool about Nucleic Acids! Join our Discord community to get any questions you may have answered and to engage with other students just like you! We promise it makes studying much more …

Nucleic Acids – National Human Genome Research Institute

  • Author: genome.gov
  • Published Date: 08/14/2022
  • Review: 3.79 (339 vote)
  • Summary: Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, encodes the information cells need to make proteins. A related type of nucleic acid, called ribonucleic acid (RNA) …
  • Matching search results: We hope you enjoyed studying this lesson and learned something cool about Nucleic Acids! Join our Discord community to get any questions you may have answered and to engage with other students just like you! We promise it makes studying much more …

Top 10+ what do architects do

Nucleic Acids

  • Author: chemed.chem.purdue.edu
  • Published Date: 04/23/2022
  • Review: 3.49 (586 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acids, which are relatively strong acids found in the nuclei of cells, were first isolated in 1869. The nucleic acids are polymers with molecular …
  • Matching search results: We hope you enjoyed studying this lesson and learned something cool about Nucleic Acids! Join our Discord community to get any questions you may have answered and to engage with other students just like you! We promise it makes studying much more …

7 Healthy Foods That Are High in Nucleic Acid

  • Author: healthline.com
  • Published Date: 06/07/2022
  • Review: 3.26 (237 vote)
  • Summary: The two most common types of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), which provide the genetic information for …
  • Matching search results: We hope you enjoyed studying this lesson and learned something cool about Nucleic Acids! Join our Discord community to get any questions you may have answered and to engage with other students just like you! We promise it makes studying much more …

What is Nucleic Acid? – News Medical

  • Author: news-medical.net
  • Published Date: 06/26/2022
  • Review: 3.13 (234 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acid is an essential part of all living things and is the building block for both DNA and RNA. It is found in all cells and also in some viruses.
  • Matching search results: As the nucleotides adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine in DNA will only pair in a certain sequence (adenine with thymine, and guanine with cytosine), every time a cell duplicates the strand of DNA can specify the sequence in which the …

Top 9 what does condemnation mean

Understanding biochemistry: structure and function of nucleic acids

  • Author: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • Published Date: 12/30/2021
  • Review: 2.92 (198 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), carry genetic information which is read in cells to make the RNA and …
  • Matching search results: As the nucleotides adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine in DNA will only pair in a certain sequence (adenine with thymine, and guanine with cytosine), every time a cell duplicates the strand of DNA can specify the sequence in which the …

Nucleic Acids – Principles of Biology

  • Author: openoregon.pressbooks.pub
  • Published Date: 09/28/2022
  • Review: 2.81 (129 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acids are key macromolecules in the continuity of life. They carry the genetic blueprint of a cell and carry instructions for the functioning of the …
  • Matching search results: As the nucleotides adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine in DNA will only pair in a certain sequence (adenine with thymine, and guanine with cytosine), every time a cell duplicates the strand of DNA can specify the sequence in which the …

Nucleic Acid | CK-12 Foundation

  • Author: flexbooks.ck12.org
  • Published Date: 11/14/2022
  • Review: 2.62 (113 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acids are one of four classes of biochemical molecules. · Nucleic acids consist of chains of small molecules called nucleotides, which …
  • Matching search results: As the nucleotides adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine in DNA will only pair in a certain sequence (adenine with thymine, and guanine with cytosine), every time a cell duplicates the strand of DNA can specify the sequence in which the …

3.8: Nucleic Acids – Biology LibreTexts

  • Author: bio.libretexts.org
  • Published Date: 06/08/2022
  • Review: 2.58 (115 vote)
  • Summary: Nucleic acids are the class of biochemical compounds that includes DNA and RNA. These molecules are built of small monomers called …
  • Matching search results: As the nucleotides adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine in DNA will only pair in a certain sequence (adenine with thymine, and guanine with cytosine), every time a cell duplicates the strand of DNA can specify the sequence in which the …

Related Posts

Top 17 what causes type 1 diabetes

Top 17 what causes type 1 diabetes

Below is a list of the best what causes type 1 diabetes voted by readers and compiled and edited by our team, let’s find out

What can i do with a degree in psychology

What can i do with a degree in psychology

Here are the top best what can i do with a degree in psychology voted by users and compiled by us, invite you to learn together

Top 17 what foods make your thighs bigger

Top 17 what foods make your thighs bigger

Below is a list of the best what foods make your thighs bigger voted by readers and compiled and edited by our team, let’s find out

Top 10+ what do producers do

Top 10+ what do producers do

Here are the best information about what do producers do voted by readers and compiled and edited by our team, let’s find out

Top 20+ what are restricted stock units

Top 20+ what are restricted stock units

Here are the top best what are restricted stock units public topics compiled and compiled by our team

Top 10+ what is copy editing

Top 10+ what is copy editing

Below are the best information about what is copy editing voted by readers and compiled and edited by our team, let’s find out